Study guide for the final exam - geography
4 - fall 2001
Geography Awareness Week - Dams
- Why are huge dams often seen as symbols of
progress and development?
- Why should rivers be understood as more than
ribbons of water? What other resources do rivers have to offer?
- What are some of the ecological consequences
of building a huge dam? What are possible consequences for the
people living around the dam?
- Big development projects generate big benefits
and big costs. Where do the benefits accrue and where do the
- Describe some proposed alternatives to big
dams. Why are micro-hydro projects often more sustainable and
more appropriate technology?
- Why were early cities so small by our standards
- Describe the locational patterns of cities
as they relate to their function and economic base.
- What is a gateway city and where were they
- Which regions of the world are the most urbanized?
Which are the least?
- Which regions of the world are experiencing
the fastest rate of urbanization? Why?
- What makes an urban area a primate city?
- Why is a city's economic base important for
its growth prospects?
- In central place theory, what is the size
and spacing of urban areas a function of?
Ch. 11 & Ch. 5 pp. 213-219
- Compare central place theory with the model
of urban land-use. Why do both of these urban models assume conditions
of an isotropic surface?
- Why do the cores of older Islamic cities
have such complex street patterns? Compare them to those of American
- Describe the characteristics of the 1) central
business district (CBD) and the 2) zone of transition.
- Explain what is an isochron and how is it
used to explain the process of sprawl?
- Many major cities have experienced a fiscal
squeeze. Why are central city areas unable to generate sufficient
- Distinguish between suburbanization and gentrification.
How has each process changed the cultural geography of the city?
- What are the two main causes of segregation?
What is the difference between an enclave and a ghetto?
- Explain the historical geography of the San
Francisco gay and lesbian community. Why San Francisco, and why
- Describe why edge cities formed, and their
effect on the original core and surrounding hinterland.
- On what information are geographers predicting
future trends? What aspects of the future are the least predictable?
- What caused the current debt crisis? What
are the long-term prospects for for highly indebted countries?
- Describe the technologies and innovations
of the next economic cycle.
- How can we design cities to be more sustainable
with regards to the environment?
- Is carrying capacity meaningful at the national
- What is the World Trade Organization and
how is it changing the role of national and local governments?