City College of San Francisco___________________________
Geography 4 - Spring 2001
Study Guide for the Second Midterm
Week EIGHT - Latin America and the U.S.
Hispanic, rainforests, deforestation, biodiversity, NAFTA, maquiladora.
Describe the geographic distribution of "Hispanics." Explain why this group is too diverse to be
understood as a single people. If Rainforests cover a small part of earth's surface, why is their
continued existence considered to be so important? How has the relative location of the
U.S./Mexican border changed with the emergence of NAFTA?
Week NINE - Nations and States of Europe
nation, state, empire, euro, EU, NATO, Cold War, multinationalism, border, homeland,
sovereignty, ethnicity, minority, language group, friction of distance, modernization, industrial
revolution, mechanization, population, continentality, maritime climate.
What is the relationship between political boundaries and the following: ethnicity, economics, and
language? Is a 'nation' a contiguous entity? Can culture be 'mapped'? Describe the potential
problems encountered by a nation without a state. How has nationalism changed in Europe since
the end of the Cold War? How has the role of NATO? Describe the problems encountered by the
break-up of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. What is the difference between
NAFTA and the EU?
Week TEN - East Asian Population growth as seen through statistics
demography, birth rate, death rate, natural increase, total fertility rate, replacement rate,
infant mortality rate, doubling time, population pyramid, income growth, urbanization, land use,
What are the three fundamental factors behind trends of land use change in China? Will increased
income result in higher food production in China? Why is it so difficult to make long-term
projections for China's population growth? What kind of population structure is most likely to lead
to continued population growth? (momentum)
monsoon, alluvial soil, household economy, housework, chores, social security.
Explain what causes the monsoon rains in South Asia. Where is the population
concentrated in India? Why there? How does lack of education and paid employment for women
effect population growth? How does poverty effect it? Where are decisions regarding procreation
made, and what influences that decision? How are children an asset to parents in the developing