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City College of San Francisco___________________________
Earth Sciences

Geography 4 - Spring 2003 - Study Guide for the Second Midterm

Week SIX - Latin America and the Environment

Key Terms:

NAFTA, maquiladora, environmental justice, demographics, census data, rainforests, deforestation, biodiversity, levee, flood plain, Jetty Jacks.

Study Questions:

If Rainforests cover a small part of earth's surface, why is their continued existence considered to be so important? How has the relative location of the U.S./Mexican border changed with the emergence of NAFTA? Why is the border region often so polluted? How did the environmental justice movement grow out of both the civil rights and mainstream environmental movements? How has the increase in maquiladoras put pressure on Mexican infrastructure? What are some of the steps being taken by the Santa Ana Pueblo to restore the Rio Grande to its original natural state?


Week SEVEN - Nations and States of Europe

Key Terms:

nation, state, empire, euro, EU, Regional Economic Community, Cold War, multinationalism, border, homeland, sovereignty, ethnicity, minority, language group, origins of the industrial revolution.

Lecture notes on: nations, states, and languages, nationalism

Study Questions:

What is the relationship between political boundaries and the following: ethnicity, economics, and language? Is a 'nation' a contiguous entity? Can culture be 'mapped'? Describe the potential problems encountered by a nation without a state. What were the root causes of the wars recently fought in the former Yugoslavia? How has nationalism changed in Europe since the end of the Cold War? Describe the problems encountered by the break-up of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. What was the reason behind the establishment of the European Union.


Week EIGHT - Russia and the Newly Independent States

friction of space, modernization, infrastructure, continentality, maritime climate, fund and flow resources, vital resource.

Study Questions:

Why is Dagestan such a culturally diverse region? How does this diversity relate to the political geography of Russia? How does Russia overcome the friction of space of its vast territory? How is Russia's access to world trade limited by its geography? What are the obstacles to trans-oceanic shipping? How does economic infrastructure prevent Russia's further political disintegration? Why has electricity traditionally been regulated as a vital resource?


Week NINE - East Asian Population growth as seen through statistics

Key Terms:

demography, birth rate, death rate, natural increase, total fertility rate, replacement rate, infant mortality rate, doubling time, population pyramid, income growth, urbanization, land use, anthropogenic.

Lecture on Population

Study Questions:

Why are there two countries with the name China? Where is population in China concentrated and why? What are the three fundamental factors behind trends of land use change in China? Will increased income result in higher food production in China? Why is it so difficult to make long-term projections for China's population growth? What kind of population structure is most likely to lead to continued population growth? (momentum).