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College of Alameda- Physical Geography 1
Spring 1999 Tuesday/Thursday

Study Guide for the First Midterm


Key Terms:
astronomy, atmosphere, biosphere, dynamic equilibrium, feedback, geology, hydrosphere, lithosphere, meteorology, oceanography, systems theory.

Review Questions p.14: 1, 3, 5, 10

Chapter 14

Key Terms:
air, albedo, autumnal equinox, carbohydrate, carbon, circle of illumination, CFC, climate, conduction, convection, electromagmetic radiation, el niño, environmental lapse rate, fossil fuel, global warming, greenhouse effect, hydrocarbon, inclination of the axis, infrared, isotherm, ozone, photosynthesis, radiation, revolution, rotation, spring equinox, stratosphere, summer solstice, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, troposphere, ultraviolet, visible light, weather, winter solstice

Review Questions p.385: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 19, 20, 21, 22

How did the inhabitants of the Tiwanaku civilization establish agriculture high in the Andes? What is the difference between el niño and la niña?

Chapter 15

Key Terms:
adiabatic temperature change, calorie, condensation, convergence, deposition, dew point, dry adiabatic rate, evaporation, freezing, frontal wedging, latent heat, melting, orographic lifting, rainshadow desert, relative humidity, saturation, specific humidity, sublimation, wet adiabatic rate.

Review Questions p.416: 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16

Chapter 16

Key Terms:
anticyclone (high), chinook, convergence, Coriolis effect, cyclone (high), divergence, equatorial low, isobar, jet stream, land breeze, monsoon, polar easterlies, pressure gradient, prevailing wind, Santa Ana, sea breeze, subpolar low , subtropical high, trade winds, westerlies, wind

Review Questions p.434: 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18

Describe the circulation of a Hadley cell convection loop as it relates to the equatorial low and subtropical high pressure systems as well as climates.

Chapter 17

Key Terms:
air mass, cold front, mesocyclone, middle-latitude cyclone, occluded front, warm front

Review Questions p. 461: 1, 2, 4, 5

Chapter 18

Key Terms:
Köppen classification - five principal groups: Class A: Tropical, Class B: Dry, Class C: Temperate, Class D: Cold, Class E: Polar, Altitudinal zonation/verticality, Highland Climates, Global warming and climate change, feedback mechanisms.

Review Questions p.486: 1, 2, 3, 8, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24