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College of Alameda- Physical Geography 1
Spring 1999

Study Guide for the Second Midterm

Chapter 2

Key Terms:
 chemical sedimentary rock
coarse grained texture
contact metamorphism
crystallization
detrital sedimentary rock
evaporite
extrusive (volcanic)
finegrained texture
foliated texture
glassy texture
igneous rock
intrusive (plutonic)
lava
lithification
magma
metamorphic rock
regional metamorphism
rock cycle
sediment
sedimentary rock
strata
texture
vein deposit
weathering

Review Questions p.55: 1, 2, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15.

Chapter 3

Key Terms:
  angle of repose
chemical weathering
creep
debris slide
differential weathering
earthflow
erosion
exfoliation dome
fall
flow
frost wedging
 horizon
humus
lahar
laterite
leaching
mass wasting
mechanical weathering
mudflow
parent material
pedocal
permafrost
rockslide
secondary enrichment
sheeting
slide
slump
soil
soil profile
soil texture
spheroidal weathering
talus slope
weathering

Review Questions p.84: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 16, 17, 19, 21, 23, 27, 28.

Chapter 6

Key Terms:
 aftershock
asthenosphere
body wave
crust
earthquake
elastic rebound
epicenter
  fault
focus
foreshock
liquefaction
lithosphere
magnitude
mantle
primary wave
  Richter scale
secondary wave
seismic sea wave (tsunami)
seismogram
seismograph
seismology
shadow zone
surface wave

Review Questions p.176: 1-6, 8-17, 19

Chapter 7

Key Terms:
 continental drift
convergent boundary
deep-ocean trench
divergent boundary
hot spot
island arc
normal polarity
paleomagnetism
Pangaea
plate
plate tectonics
polar wandering
 reverse polarity
rift (rift valley)
seafloor spreading
subduction zone
transform boundary
volcanic arc

Review Questions p.209: 1-4, 7-18, 20, 21

Chapter 8

Key Terms:
  batholith
caldera
cinder cone
composite cone (stratovolcano)
crater
dike
fissure eruption
 flood basalt
hot spot
laccolith
lahar
nuée ardente
pahoehoe flow
pyroclastic flow
 pyroclastics
shield volcano
sill
vent
viscosity
volcanic neck
volcano

Review Questions p.235: 1, 3, 5, 9, 10, 14-17, 22-24.