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Assignment J

Mapping Core and Periphery

(due August 3)

Each individual must hand in their own illustrated essay.

Each person must choose a core area from their assigned region to analyze and describe in a 3-4 page essay illustrated with at least one map. You don't have to make an original map, but you should find maps that show the site and situation of the core and illustrates the main points of your essay.

You must include proper citations and a full bibliography at the end.

Please address all of the following questions:

Helpful Quotes:

"Averages for individual states are not very meaningful unless we know something about the agglomeration, the clustering of the people. This brings us to the notion of the state's core area, the heart of the country. A state's core area is its cornerstone, its national focus. Here lie its major cities, probably including the capital, its largest population clusters, its densest and busiest transport networks, and, often, its most intensively cultivated farmlands . . .
Thus we want to know not only the total population of a nation-state, but the way this population is distributed over the national territory. When we have this input, then our knowledge of states' spatial forms takes on more meaning."
Human Geography Culture Society and Space De Blij New York: John Wiley and Sons 1993 p.476

"States' core areas are presumably their heartlands, containing their most developed economies, densest and most urbanized populations, best-articulated transportation systems and communication networks, and-at least formerly if no longer-the resource base that sustained them. Away from national cores all of these characteristics are eroded. Transportation networks thin, urbanization ratios and city sizes decline, and economic development is less intensive. The outlying resource base may be rich, but generally it is of more recent exploitation, with product and benefit tending to flow to the established and distant heartlands. The developed cores of states, then, can be contrasted to their subordinate peripheries."
Human Geography Landscapes of Human Activities Fellmann/Getis/Getis 1990 DuBuque William C. Brown Publishers p.400

"Generally, core areas possess a particularly attractive set of resources for human life and culture. Larger numbers of people cluster there than in surrounding districts, particularly if the area has some measure of natural defense against aggressive neighboring political entities. This denser population, in turn, may produce enough wealth to support a large army, which then provides the base for further diffusion from the core area.
During this diffusionary state-building process, the core area typically remains the state's single most important district, housing the capital city and the cultural and economic heart of the nation. The core area can thus be regarded as the node of a functional culture region . . .At the end of this process, the core area may remain roughly at the center of the national territory, or if diffusion occurred mainly in one direction, it may lie at the edge of the nation."
The Human Mosaic T. Jordan et al New York: Harper Collins 1994 p.151

Don't forget to include full citations and a bibliography to tell me where you got your information.