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De Anza College___________________________
Social Sciences
 
Geography 10 - Summer 2000
Study Guide for the first Midterm
 
Week ONE
 
Key Terms:
map, thematic map, cartogram, scale, projections, globe, axis, pole, latitude/longitude coordinates, site and situation, exact/relative location, distance decay, context (cultural, historical and spatial), process, boundary, ecology, four types of regions: 1) formal region, 2) nodal or functional region, 3) perceptual or vernacular region, 4) natural region., globalization, devolution, time zones.
 
Study Questions:
Define the word "map", Define "perspective" & "scale." How are flat map projections created? How are they distorted and why? How does scale limit the amount and type of information that can be shown on a map? Distinguish between different types of regions. How do the borders of different regions differ? Describe the forces that are simultaneously are acting to simultaneously connect the world together and pull it apart?

Week TWO
 
Key Terms:
GIS, theme, feature, overlay, buffer, spatial analysis, environmental justice, lead poisoning, demographics, census data, urban sprawl, mass transit, automobility, commute, suburbanization, urban morphology, perception/mental map, rainforests, deforestation, biodiversity, NAFTA, maquiladora.
 
Study Questions:
What are the main sources of lead contamination in American cities? How can lead poisoning be prevented? How can GIS be used to pinpoint potential lead exposure? Why hasn't more been done to prevent lead exposure? How did changes in transportation technology change the morphology and size of North American cities? How did the cultural geography of American cities change? What factors influence the contents of an individual's personal perception map?If Rainforests cover a small part of earth's surface, why is their continued existence considered to be so important? How has the geography of the U.S./Mexican border changed with the emergence of NAFTA?

Week THREE
 
Key Terms:
nation, state, empire, euro, EU, NATO, Cold War, multinationalism, border, homeland, sovereignty, ethnicity, minority, language group, friction of space, modernization, industrial revolution, mechanization, population, continentality, maritime climate.
 
Study Questions:
What is the relationship between political boundaries and the following: ethnicity, economics, and language? Is a 'nation' a contiguous entity? Can culture be 'mapped'? Describe the potential problems encountered by a nation without a state. How has nationalism changed in Europe since the end of the Cold War? How has the role of NATO changed since the end of the Cold War? Why is Strasbourg a logical place for EU government? Describe the problems encountered by the break-up of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Why is the population of Russia declining?