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De Anza College______________________________
Division of Social Sciences

Geography 10 - section one at 12:30

Fall 1999 - Forsberg

STUDY GUIDE for the FINAL EXAM



Week SEVEN - East Asian Population growth

Key Terms: demography, birth rate, death rate, natural increase, total fertility rate, replacement rate, infant mortality rate,  population pyramid, carrying capacity.

Study Questions:
How does lack of education and paid employment for women effect population growth? How does poverty effect it? Where are decisions regarding procreation made, and what influences that decision? How are children an asset to parents in the developing world? How is the structure of China's population going to change in the next 50 years?  What are the implications?What kind of population structure is most likely to lead to continued population growth? (momentum) Is carrying capacity meaningful at the national scale? 



Week EIGHT - Population and resources in South Asia and the Middle East & North Africa, Islam

Key Terms
desertification, fund (nonrenewable) and flow (renewable) resources, fossil fuels, OPEC, monsoon, Islam, Muslim,

Study Questions:
Why are oil resources expected to dwindle in the next century?  Is oil a fund or flow resource? What energy alternatives are there to oil? Explain what causes the monsoon rains in South Asia. How does Islam differ from the beliefs of Christianity, and Judaism? Where do most Muslims in the world live?



Week NINE - Geography Awareness Week - Focus on Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Key Terms: cartographic communication, generalization, classification, symbolization,  spatial data, raster data, vector data, database, feature, attribute, theme, layer, overlay, spatial analysis, GPS, online Cartography Glossary

Study Questions:  Describe the process of map making as cartographic communication. What are some of the "perceptual limitations that are common to all map readers" and how does one design a map "to accommodate those limitations?" What is the difference between geographic data and a map? What is the difference between the way raster and vector data are stored in a computer?  What are the advantages and disadvantages of each?  Why is GIS technology becoming more accessible and popular among the general public? What is a GPS and how does it work? How might a GIS and GPS be used together?


Week TEN Colonialism and Neocolonialism in Africa, The Green Revolution

Key Terms:
Mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, neocolonialism, extractive infrastructure, technology, nation, state, civilization, progress, development, dependency, The Green Revolution, agribusiness, cash crops, genetic hybrids, monoculture, polyculture, soil system, subsistence agriculture.

Study Questions:
What are the main differences between mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, and neocolonialism? Give an example of colonial extractive infrastructure. Why was Africa's political independence from colonialism not accompanied by technological and economic independence? What is the relationship between nation and state in modern Africa, and how has this affected the continent's development? What is the Green Revolution? Distinguish between the the  Green Revolution's cash cropping model of agriculture and the subsistence model. How do the goals and outcomes of each differ?



Week ELEVEN - Free trade and economic development.

Key Terms:
Regional economic communities, economic development, economic linkages and synergies, the global economy, free trade, multinational/transnational corporation, nation-state, sovereignty, borders, tariff, barriers to trade, the division of labor, multinational corporations, headquarters, core and periphery, EEZ (exclusive economic zone).

Study Questions:
What are the economic and political significance of national borders? How have Singapore and Hong Kong affected the regions around them? In a world of emerging region states, what will be the role of the national government? Compare the characteristics of a core and a periphery and then describe the relationship between them.