De Anza College - Division of Social Sciences
Week SEVEN - East Asian Population growth as seen through statistics
Key Terms: demography, birth rate, death rate, natural increase, total fertility rate, replacement rate, infant mortality rate, doubling time, population pyramid, income growth, urbanization, land use, anthropogenic.
What are the three fundamental factors behind trends of land use change in China? Will increased income result in higher food production in China? Why is it so difficult to make long-term projections for China's population growth? What kind of population structure is most likely to lead to continued population growth? (momentum)
Key Terms: monsoon, alluvial soil, household economy, housework, chores, social security.
Study Questions: Explain what causes the monsoon rains in South Asia. Where is the population concentrated in India? Why there? How does lack of education and paid employment for women effect population growth? How does poverty effect it? Where are decisions regarding procreation made, and what influences that decision? How are children an asset to parents in the developing world?
Key Terms: desertification, fund (nonrenewable) and flow (renewable) resources, fossil fuels, watershed, river basin, ground water, nomadic pastoralism.
Is oil a fund or flow resource? and water? Did the construction of the Aswan Dam improve Egypt's agriculture? How is Oman using its oil revenue to transform its economy? What is the relationship between water resources and population growth? What did the Sahara Desert look like 10,000 years ago? What strategies do the Tuareg use to survive in the harsh and unpredictable desert environment? Which regions of the world are expected to suffer catastrophically low supplies of water in the 21st century?
Key Terms: Mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, neocolonialism, extractive infrastructure, technology, nation, state, the division of labor, primary poducts, GNP/GDP, progress, development, dependency, ecological divide, export earnings.
What are the main differences between mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, and neocolonialism? Why was Africa's political independence from colonialism not accompanied by technological and economic independence? What is the relationship between nation and state in modern Africa, and how has this affected the continent's development? Describe the pattern of Africa's railroad network as an extractive infrastructure. Why are poor tropical countries incapable of securing an adequate level of nutrition?
Key Terms: Regional economic communities, core and periphery, economic development, globalization, fragmentation, offshore production, city-state, sovereignty, borders, tariff, barriers to trade, multinational/transnational corporation, headquarters, flexible production, footloose, export processing zone, WTO (World Trade Organization), (UN United Nations).
World cities are becoming political actors that form their own networks of transnational relationships that are producing of a new layer of world order. Explain. Compare the characteristics of a core and a periphery and then describe the relationship between them. What are the economic and political significance of national borders? How have Singapore and Hong Kong affected the regions around them? In a world of emerging region states, what will be the role of the national government? How has the WTO changed this role? What are the effects of economic and political globalization?