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De Anza College - Division of Social Sciences

Geography 10

Winter 2000 - Forsberg

STUDY GUIDE for the FINAL EXAM

 

Week SEVEN - East Asian Population growth as seen through statistics

Key Terms: demography, birth rate, death rate, natural increase, total fertility rate, replacement rate, infant mortality rate, population pyramid, carrying capacity.

Study Questions:

How is the structure of China's population going to change in the next 50 years? What are the implications? What kind of population structure is most likely to lead to continued population growth? (momentum) Is carrying capacity meaningful at the national scale?


Week EIGHT - Population and resources in South Asia

Key Terms: monsoon, alluvial soil, household economy, housework, chores,

Study Questions: Explain what causes the monsoon rains in South Asia. Where is the population concentrated in India? Why there? How does lack of education and paid employment for women effect population growth? How does poverty effect it? Where are decisions regarding procreation made, and what influences that decision? How are children an asset to parents in the developing world?


Week NINE - Middle East & North Africa - water resources

Key Terms: desertification, fund (nonrenewable) and flow (renewable) resources, fossil fuels, OPEC, watershed, river basin, aquifer, exogenous water source, nomadic pastoralism.

Study Questions:

Is oil a fund or flow resource? and water? Explain why the arrangement of political borders in river basins could be a potential source of political conflict. What is the relationship between the Golan Heights and the river Jordan? Did the construction of the Aswan Dam solve Egypt's water problems? How is Oman using its oil revenue to transform its economy? What is the relationship between water resources and population growth? What did the Sahara Desert look like 10,000 years ago? What strategies do the Tuareg use to survive in the harsh and unpredictable desert environment?


Week TEN - Colonialism and Neocolonialism in Africa, The Green Revolution

Key Terms: Mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, neocolonialism, extractive infrastructure, technology, nation, state, progress, development, dependency, The Green Revolution, agribusiness, cash crops, monoculture, polyculture, subsistence agriculture.

Study Questions:

What are the main differences between mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, and neocolonialism? Why was Africa's political independence from colonialism not accompanied by technological and economic independence? The video on the Ivory Coast illustrated what kind of economic development? What is the relationship between nation and state in modern Africa, and how has this affected the continent's development? What is the Green Revolution? Distinguish between the the Green Revolution's cash cropping model of agriculture and the subsistence model. How do the goals and outcomes of each differ?


Week ELEVEN - Free trade and economic development.

Key Terms: Regional economic communities, core and periphery, economic development, globalization, free trade, offshore production, nation-state, sovereignty, borders, tariff, barriers to trade, the division of labor, multinational/transnational corporation, headquarters, flexible production, footloose, maquiladora, export processing zone, NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), WTO (World Trade Organization).

Study Questions:

Compare the characteristics of a core and a periphery and then describe the relationship between them. What are the economic and political significance of national borders? How have Singapore and Hong Kong affected the regions around them? In a world of emerging region states, what will be the role of the national government? How has the WTO changed this role? What have been the effects of globalization on the price and source of consumer goods? What have been the effects on the production process? Why are most of the employees of maquiladoras young women?