Study questions for the final exam - World
Geography - SCU - Forsberg
- In addition to these questions, study the
vocabulary definitions and main points listed at the end of each
Chapter 7 & pp. 244-249
- What are the assumptions behind Rostow's
theory of development as stages of growth?
- What are the first, second, and third worlds
and when were they invented?
- What is a tariff and what purpose do they
- What are GNP/GDP and what do they show about
a country's development? What do they NOT show?
- Give examples of other statistical indicators
used to measure development.
- Developing countries have work forces engaged
for the most part in which sector of the economy? What about
- How do agglomeration effects produce an external
- How does development in the core lead to
backwash effects in the periphery?
- What are the advantages to a manufacturer
that sets up a transnational commodity chain?
- What is affluenza and what is the cure?
- How does knowledge impact economic development?
- Compare and contrast hunting and gathering,
subsistence agriculture, and commercial agriculture.
- Describe the nature, advantages, and disadvantages
of shifting cultivation and pastoralism. In what parts of the
world with what types of climates is each most likely to be practiced?
Does each tend to take place in areas of low, medium, or high
population density, and why?
- Describe the development of soil as a system.
What produces it?
- Compare and contrast the 'traditional' and
'conventional' models of agriculture in terms of pattern and
- Compare and contrast the characteristics
of a field planted as a polyculture (intertillage) with one planted
as a monoculture. Which is better for the soil?
- Define biotechnology, explain how it has
been used so far, and analyze its positive and negative effects,
both now and in the future.
- Discuss some of the impacts of agriculture
on the environment.
- Explain how the application of computer technology
is revolutionizing agriculture by making it more precise.
Chapter 9 & pp.202-213
- What is the common root of the Romance languages?
Where did Hungarians and Finns come from?
- Discuss the concepts of boundaries and frontiers
in political geography.
- Define and distinguish between the following:
territory, state, sovereignty, nation, nation-state, nationalism,
- Why are true nation-states so rare?
- Give an example of a nation without a state,
and explain what problems they might experience.
- Why is it important that a state be a contiguous
- Define 'cultural nationalism' and give an
- What is a supranational organization? Give
an example of how they are changing the role of the state.
- Why were early cities so small by our standards
- Describe the locational patterns of cities
as they relate to their function and economic base.
- What is a gateway city and where were they
- In central place theory, what is the size
and spacing of urban areas a function of?
- Which regions of the world are the most urbanized?
Which are the least?
- Which regions of the world are experiencing
the fastest rate of urbanization? Why?
- What makes an urban area a primate city?
- Why is a city's economic base important for
its growth prospects?
Ch. 11 & Ch. 5 pp. 213-219
- Describe the characteristics of the 1) central
business district (CBD) and the 2) zone of transition.
- Explain the historical geography of the inner
city. Why did a concentration of minorities develop there?
- Explain what is an isochron and how is it
used to explain the process of sprawl?
- Many major cities have experienced a fiscal
squeeze. Why are central city areas unable to generate sufficient
- What does gentrification involve?
- What are the two main causes of segregation?
- Why do the cores of older Islamic cities
have such complex street patterns? Compare them to those of American
- Why do some urban models assume conditions
of an isotropic surface?
- Describe why edge cities formed, and their
effect on the original core and surrounding hinterland.
Ch. 12 & pp.257-265
- On what information are geographers predicting
future trends? What aspects of the future are the least predictable?
- What caused the current debt crisis? What
are the long-term prospects for for highly indebted countries?
- Describe the technologies and innovations
of the next economic cycle. Are these technologies likely to
be implemented soon?
- Is carrying capacity meaningful at the national
- What is the World Trade Organization and
how is it changing the role of national and local governments?