Division of Labor
- Who gets to do what?
- A rural family wants to manufacture clay pots to trade. What are the steps involved and who gets to do what?
harvest or extract raw materials and resources directly from the earth
Examples: farmers, miners, fishermen, loggers.
manufacture or process raw materials into something useful and marketable, thus adding value.
Examples: Assembly line worker, baker, cook, artist.
distribution of goods, connecting the producer with the consumer through trade, provide personal and professional services.
Examples: Retail sales, waiter, bellhop, maid.
information services; technological production, processing, and dissemination; administration.
Examples: Accounting, research and development, manager, teacher.
highest level decision makers, CEOs, movers and shakers, the brains of the operation, the headquarters.
Examples: The head people in a corporation, a subsidiary, or other institution.
In the contemporary world system, many countries specialized in only one or two sectors.