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Vista College___________________________
 
 
Geography 10 - Spring 2002
Study Guide for the First Midterm
 
Weeks ONE and TWO
 
Key Terms:
four types of regions: 1) formal region, 2) nodal or functional region, 3) perceptual or vernacular region, 4) natural region, site and situation, exact/relative location, distance decay, context (cultural, historical and spatial), process, boundary, ecology, map, thematic map, cartogram, scale, systems theory, dynamic equilibrium, inputs & outputs, positive and negative feedback.
 
Study Questions:
Define the word "map", Define "perspective", Define "scale" What would be the specialty of an area studies specialist? (a regional geographer). How does the 'Man-Land' tradition differ from the Earth Sciences Tradition? How does scale limit the amount and type of information that can be shown on a map? Distinguish between different types of regions. How do the borders of different regions differ?

Week THREE
 
Key Terms:
Projection, globe, axis, pole, latitude/longitude coordinates, GIS, overlay, attribute, spatial analysis.
 
Study Questions:
How are flat map projections created? How are they distorted and why? Why is it important to match the projection to the purpose of the map? How did New Jersey use GIS to prove its rights to most of Ellis Island? What is the difference between a GIS and a map?

Weeks FOUR and FIVE
 
Key Terms:
global climate change, greenhouse effect, greenhouse gasses, (carbon compounds-
CO2-Carbon Dioxide, CFC's, CH4-Methane, etc.), sugar = carbohydrates, photosynthesis, respiration, fossil fuels = hydrocarbons, salt flushing, carbon sequestration.
 
Study Questions:
What is the greenhouse effect, what human processes are contributing to it, and what are its potential implications?, Which places will be most affected by potential sea level rise?, What are greenhouse gasses, and how do they act as the planet's atmospheric insulator? How are oceans and soils related to carbon levels in the atmosphere? How might global warming actually lead to regional cooling in Europe? What are the advantages and disadvantages of melting polar sea ice?