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Vista College
Geography 10 - Fall 2002 - Study Guide for the Second Midterm


Weeks EIGHT & NINE - Development and the environment

Key Terms:

IPCC, greenhouse gas, pixel, GPS, NGO

Study Questions:

As reported in "A Modest Proposal to Stop Global Warming," what will be the effects of global warming unless drastic action is taken soon? Why are there two countries with the name China? What are the three fundamental factors behind trends of land use change in China? Will increased income result in higher food production in China? As presented in "China Journal I," what are the positive and negative aspects of China's Three Gorges Dam project? Why did the industrial revolution diffuse to Japan long before it did to Ireland? Give examples of industries for which modern technology has not changed the pattern of clustering in a small area, as described in "Does It Matter Where You Are?"


Week - TEN Asian Population growth as seen through statistics

Key Terms:

demographic transition, birth rate, death rate, natural increase, total fertility rate, replacement rate, infant mortality rate, doubling time, population pyramid, alluvial soil, household economy, housework, chores, social security, continentality, maritime climate, monsoon.

Study Questions:

Where is the population concentrated in India and China? Why there? What is natural increase and how is it related to economic development? What kind of population structure is most likely to lead to continued population growth? (momentum). Why is populaton growing faster in India than China? How does lack of education and paid employment for women effect population growth? How does poverty effect it? Where are decisions regarding procreation made, and what influences that decision? How are children an asset to parents in the developing world? Explain what causes the monsoon rains in South Asia.


Week - ELEVEN Economic Development in the Asian PacificRim

Key Terms:

GNP/GDP, region state, HIPCS, IMF

Study Questions:

Where are most of the world's richest countries located? The author of "Helping the World's Poorest" refers to winter as the "greatest public-health intervention in the world." What does he mean? Why are poor tropical countries incapable of securing an adequate level of nutrition? What is the difference between GNP and GDP? What is GNP per capita? Why are there so many democratic, Western oriented capitalist countries along the Pacific coast of Asia? Give some examples of region states that cut across political borders.


Week - TWELVE - Colonialism and Neocolonialism in Sub-Saharan Africa

Key Terms:

Mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, neocolonialism, technology, the division of labor, primary products, progress, development, dependency, ecological divide, export earnings, HIV/AIDS, hierarchical diffusion & contagious diffusion.

Study Questions:

What are the main differences between mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, and neocolonialism? Why was Africa's political independence from colonialism not accompanied by technological and economic independence? What is the relationship between nation and state in modern Africa, and how has this affected the continent's development? How is the impact of AIDS like a war? Developing countries have work forces engaged for the most part in which sector of the economy?


Week - THIRTEEN - Oil resources in the Middle East & North Africa

Key Terms:

desertification, fund (nonrenewable) and flow (renewable) resources, fossil fuels,

Study Questions:

Is oil a fund or flow resource? and water? soil? Why is there such a political debate about the science of climate change?


Week FOURTEEN - Latin America and the Environment

Key Terms

NAFTA, maquiladora, environmental justice, rainforests, deforestation, biodiversity, gatekeeper, Kyoto Protocol .

Study Questions:

How has the relative location of the U.S./Mexican border changed with the emergence of NAFTA? Why is the border region often so polluted? If Rainforests cover a small part of earth's surface, why is their continued existence considered to be so important? Why is the editor considered to be the gatekeeper of a newspaper? How can the growth of forests slow global warming?


Week FIFTEEN - Development and Progress

Key terms:

TMI , BNFL, NRC, IEA, EEZ, SEA-WEB, NO-TAKE AREAS, NCEAS, MPAS

Study questions:

What does it mean to develop? What are GNP/GDP and what do they show about a country's development? What do they NOT show? What factors, as cited in "Nuclear Power: A Renaissance That May Not Come," argue against the future expansion of nuclear energy? What is the purpose of establishing an EEZ and no-take zones, as detailed in "Underwater Refuge"