Geography 10 - Forsberg
Study questions for the second midterm:
- In addition to these questions, study the vocabulary definitions and main points listed at the end of each chapter.
- Using specific examples, discuss how disease led to the depopulation of Spain's new colonies in the New World.
- Briefly describe the ways in which the exchange of plants and animals between the Old World and the New World was beneficial.
- How does the image of Earth as a living organism and nurturing mother affect the way people treat her?
- How did the Western image and treatment of the earth change during the industrial revolution?
- Why do miners in Bolivia propitiate the "Tio" before entering the mine to go to work?
- What is the greenhouse effect? What are greenhouse gasses, and how do they act as the planet's atmospheric insulator? How are humans increasing the amount of these gases in the atmosphere?
- What is global climate change, what human processes are contributing to it, and what are its potential implications?
Chapter 7 & pp.17-30, 63-81
- What are the main differences between mercantile colonialism, industrial colonialism, and neocolonialism?
- Why was Africa's political independence from colonialism not accompanied by technological and economic independence?
- What are the first, second, and third worlds and when were they invented?
- In the current internatinal division of labor, developing countries have work forces engaged for the most part in which sector of the economy? What about 'post-industrial' countries like the US?
- What are the assumptions behind Rostow's theory of development as stages of growth? Compare with the assumptions behind dependency theory.
- What are GNP/GDP and what do they show about a country's development? What do they NOT show?
- Give examples of other statistical indicators used to measure development.
- Compare and contrast hunting and gathering, subsistence agriculture, and commercial agriculture.
- Describe the development of soil as a system. What produces it?
- What are the effects of modern chemical agriculture on living soil systems?
- Compare and contrast the 'traditional' and 'conventional' models of agriculture in terms of pattern and purpose.
- Compare and contrast the characteristics of a field planted as a polyculture with one planted as a monoculture. Compare the strategies behind each pattern.