Week SEVEN - The sprawl of American cities.
Week EIGHT - Human development and the environmental systems
Algal bloom, CFC, PCBS, biological invasion, bioamplification, food chain, trophic level, FERC, "hungry river, armoring, flood plain, alluvial soil, environmental justice, sustainable development, linear vs. circular metabolism,
What are the three directional changes suggested in "Human Domination of Earth's Ecosystems" as appropriate responses to increased awareness of the consequences of human enterprise? Why is dilution not the solution to pollution? What effect do dams have on the natural systems of a river? How did the environmental justice movement grow out of both the civil rights and mainstream environmental movements? What effect are modern farming techniques having on living soil systems?
Week NINE - Latin America and the Environment
NAFTA, maquiladora, demographics, census data, rainforests, deforestation, biodiversity, levee, flood plain, Jetty Jacks, raised field agriculture.
If Rainforests cover a small part of earth's surface, why is their continued existence considered to be so important? How has the relative location of the U.S./Mexican border changed with the emergence of NAFTA? Why is the border region often so polluted? How has the increase in maquiladoras put pressure on Mexican infrastructure? What are some of the steps being taken by the Santa Ana Pueblo to restore the Rio Grande to its original natural state? How did the Tiwanaku endure the harsh climate of the high Andes and establish a thriving civilization so long ago? What caused the collapse of their civilization?
Week TEN - Nations and States of Europe
nation, state, empire, euro, EU, Regional Economic Community, Cold War, multinationalism, border, homeland, sovereignty, ethnicity, minority, language group, origins of the industrial revolution.
Lecture notes on: nations, states, and languages, nationalism
What is the relationship between political boundaries and the following: ethnicity, economics, and language? Is a 'nation' a contiguous entity? Can culture be 'mapped'? Describe the potential problems encountered by a nation without a state. What were the root causes of the wars recently fought in the former Yugoslavia? How has nationalism changed in Europe since the end of the Cold War? What was the reason behind the establishment of the European Union.
Week ELEVEN - Russia and the Newly Independent States
conventional oil, proven reserves, OPEC, friction of space, modernization, infrastructure, continentality, maritime climate, fund and flow resources, vital resource.
Why are supplies of nonconventional oil not a likely substitute for conventional oil? How does Russia overcome the friction of space of its vast territory? How is Russia's access to world trade limited by its geography? What are the obstacles to trans-oceanic shipping? How does economic infrastructure prevent Russia's further political disintegration? Why has electricity traditionally been regulated as a vital resource?
Week TWELVE - East Asian Population growth as seen through statistics
demography, birth rate, death rate, natural increase, total fertility rate, replacement rate, infant mortality rate, doubling time, population pyramid, income growth, urbanization, land use, anthropogenic.
Lecture on Population
Why are there two countries with the name China? Where is population in China concentrated and why? What are the three fundamental factors behind trends of land use change in China? Will increased income result in higher food production in China? Why is it so difficult to make long-term projections for China's population growth? What kind of population structure is most likely to lead to continued population growth? (momentum).